IN THE CREATION OF ALL THINGS THE LORD HAD BEFORE HIS MINDCHRIST OUR LORD AND HIS MOST HOLY MOTHER. HE CHOSE HIS PEOPLE AND HEAPED HISBENEFITS ON THEM.
134. In theeighth chapter of the Proverbs, Wisdom says of Itself, that It was present inthe Creation, ordering all things conjointly with the Almighty (Prov.8, 30).
And I said above(No. 54) that this Wisdom is the incarnate Word, who with his most holy Motherwas present, in spirit, when God resolved upon the creation of the whole world;for in that instant the Son was not only coexistent in divine essence with theFather and the Holy Spirit, but also the human nature, which He was to assume,was foreseen and conceived as the prototype of all works in the divine mind ofthe Father.
Conjointly withHim was also foreseen as present the human nature of his most holy Mother, whowas to conceive Him in her most pure womb. In these two Persons were foreseenall his works, so that on account of Them (speaking in a human way) Heoverlooked all that could offend Him in the conduct of the men and angels thatwere to fall; for the conduct of the latter was an inducement rather to desistfrom the creation of the human race and of the things that were to subserve fortheir use.
135. The MostHigh looked upon his Son and upon his most holy Mother as models, produced inthe culmination of his wisdom and power, in order that They might serve asprototypes according to which He was to copy the whole human race.
Thus the rest ofmen depended on these Two as Mediators between themselves and God. He createdalso the necessary material beings required for human life, but with suchwisdom, that some of them also serve as symbols, to represent in acertain way these two Beings, which Heprimarily intended and to which all others were to be subservient, namely,Christ and most holy Mary.
On this accountHe made the luminaries of heaven, the sun and the moon (Gen. 1, 16) so that individing the day and the night, they might symbolize the Sun of justice,Christ,and his most holy Mother, who is beautiful asthe moon(Cant. 6, 9), for these Two divide the day of grace and the night ofsin.
「经文〈创世纪 1: 16 〉：天主于是造了两个大光体：较大的控制白天，较小的控制黑夜，并造了星宿。经文（雅歌6：9）应该是〈雅歌 6: 10〉：那上升如晨曦，美丽似月亮，光耀若太阳，」
The sunilluminates the moon; and both, together with the stars of the firmament,illumine all other creatures within the confines of the universe.
136. He createdthe rest of the beings and added to their perfection, because they were to besubservient to Christ and most holy Mary, and through them to the rest of men.
Before theuniverse proceeded from its nothingness, He set it as a banquet abundant andunfailing, and more memorable than the feast of Assuerus (Esther 1, 3) ; for Hewas to create man for his delight and to draw him to the enjoyment of hisknowledge and love.
「经文〈艾斯德尔传1: 3,18, 20〉：在薛西斯为王–版图自印度至雇士（衣索匹亚），共计127省–他在稣撒禁城登极后，第三年，设宴款待所有的公卿朝臣，波斯与玛待的将官，各省的贤达与总督，」
Like a mostcourteous and bounteous Lord He did not wish that the invited guests shouldwait,
but that both thecreation and the invitation to the banquet of his knowledge and love be one andthe same act.
Man was not tolose any time in that which concerned him so much : namely, to know and topraise his almighty Maker.
137. On the sixthday he formed and created Adam, as it were of the age of thirty-three years.This was the age in which Christ was to suffer death, and Adam in regard to hisbody was so like unto Christ, that scarcely any difference existed.
Also according tothe soul Adam was similar to Christ. From Adam God formed Eve so similar to theBlessed Virgin, that she was like unto Her in personal appearance and infigure.
God looked uponthese two images of the great Originals with the highest pleasure andbenevolence, and on account of the Originals He heaped many blessings uponthem, as if He wanted to entertain Himself with them and their descendantsuntil the time should arrive for
forming Christ and Mary.
138. But thehappy state in which God had created the parents of the human race lasted onlya very short while.
The envy of theserpent was immediately aroused against them, for satan was impatientlyawaiting their creation, and no sooner were they created, than his hatredbecame active against them. However, he was not permitted to witness theformation of Adam and Eve, as he had witnessed the creation of all other things:
for the Lord didnot choose to manifest to him the creation of man, nor the formation of Evefrom a rib; all these things were concealed from him for a space of time untilboth of them were joined.
But when thedemon saw the admirable composition of the human nature, perfect beyond that ofany other creature, the beauty of the souls and also of the bodies of Adam andEve ; when he saw the paternal love with which the Lord regarded them, and howHe made them the lords of all creation, and that He gave them hope of eternallife :
the wrath of thedragon was lashed to fury, and no tongue can describe the rage with which thatbeast was filled, nor how great was his envy and his desire to take the life ofthese two beings.
Like an enragedlion he certainly would have done so, if he had not known, that a superiorforce would prevent him. Nevertheless he studied and plotted out some means,which would suffice to deprive them of the grace of the Most High and make themGod‘s enemies.
139. Here Luciferwas deceived; for the Lord had from the beginning mysteriously manifested tohim, that the Word was to assume human nature in the womb of the most holyMary, but not how and when;
and thus He hadalso concealed the creation of Adam and the formation of Eve, in order thatLucifer might from the beginning labor under his ignorance concerning themystery and the time of the Incarnation.
As his wrath andhis watchfulness had thus been so signally forestalled in regard to Christ andMary, he suspected that Adam had come forth from Eve, and that She was theMother and Adam the incarnate Word.
His suspicionsgrew, when he felt the divine power, which prevented him from harming the lifeof these creatures.
On the other handhe soon became aware of the precepts of God, for these did not remain concealedfrom him, since he heard their conversation in regard to them.
Being freed moreand more from his doubt as he listened to the words of the first parents andsized up their natural gifts, he began to follow them like a roaring lion (IPet. 5, 8), seeking an entrancethrough those inclinations, which he found in each of them.
「经文〈伯多禄前书 5: 8〉：你们要节制，要醒寤，因为，你们的仇敌魔鬼，如同咆哮的狮子巡游，寻找可吞食的人；」
Nevertheless,until he was undeceived in the course of the Redemption, he continued tohesitate between his wrath against Christ and Mary and the dread of beingovercome by Them.
Most of all hedreaded the confusion of being conquered by the Queen of heaven, who was to bea mere creature and not God.
140. Takingcourage therefore in the precept, which was given to Adam and Eve, and havingprepared the snare, Lucifer entered with all his energy upon the work ofentrapping them and of opposing and hindering the execution of the divine Will.
He firstapproached the woman, and not the man, because he knew her to be by nature morefrail and weak, and because in tempting her he would be more certain that itwas not Christ whom he was encountering.
Against her alsohe was more enraged ever since he had seen the sign in the heaven and since thethreat, which God had made in it against him.
On all theseaccounts his wrath was greater against Eve than against Adam. Before he showedhimself to her, however, he aroused in her many disturbing thoughts orimaginations, in order to approach her in a state of excitement andpre-occupation.
But because Ihave written about this in another place, I will not enlarge here upon theviolence and inhumanity of this temptation ; it is enough for my purpose tomention what Scripture says :
that he took theform of a serpent (Gen. 3, 1),andthus speaking to Eve drew her into a conversation, which she should not havepermitted.
「经文〈创世纪 3: 1〉：在上主天主所造的一切野兽中，蛇是最狡猾的。蛇对女人说：「天主真说了，你们不可吃乐园中任何树上的果子吗？」
Listening to him and answering, shebegan to believe him; then she violated the command of God, and finallypersuaded her husband likewise to transgress the precept.
Thus ruin, overtook them and all therest: for themselves and for us they lost the happy position, in which God hadplaced them.
141. When Lucifer saw the two fallen andtheir interior beauty and grace and original justice changed into the uglinessof sin, he celebrated his triumph with incredible joy and vaunting in thecompany of his demons.
But he soon fell from his proudboasting, when he saw, contrary to his expectations, how kindly the merciful love of God dealt withthe delinquents, and how He offered them a chance of doing penance by givingthem hope of pardon and return of grace.
More over he saw how they were disposingthemselves toward this forgiveness by sorrow and contrition, and how the beautyof grace was restored to them. When the demons perceived the effect ofcontrition, all hell was again in confusion.
His consternation grew, when he heardthe sentence, which God pronounced against the guilty ones, in which he himselfwas implicated. More especially and above all was he tormented by therepetition of that threat: The Woman shall crush thy head(Gen. 3, 15), which hehad already heard in heaven.
142. The offspring of Eve multipliedafter the fall and so arose the distinction and the multiplication of the goodand the bad, the elect and the reprobate, the ones following Christ theRedeemer, and the others following satan.
The elect cling to their Leader byfaith, humility, charity, patience and all the virtues and in order to obtainvictory, they are assisted, helped and beautified by the divine grace and thegifts, which the Redeemer and Lord of all merited for them.
But the reprobate, without receiving anysuch benefits from their false leader, or earning any other reward than theeternal pain and the confusion of hell, follow him in pride, presumption,obscenity and wickedness, being led into these disorders by the father of liesand the originator of sin.
143. Notwithstanding all this the MostHigh, in his ineffable kindness, gave our first parents his benediction, inorder that the human race might grow and multiply (Gen. 4, 3).
「经文〈创世纪 4: 3〉：有一天，加音把田地的出产作祭品献给天主；」
The most high Providence permitted, thatEve, in the unjust Cain, should bring forth a type of the evil fruits of sin, and in theinnocent Abel, both in figure and in imitation, the type of Christ our Lord.
For in the first just one the law anddoctrine of Christ began to exert its effects. All the rest of the just were tofollow it, suffering for justice sake (Matth. 10, 22), hated and persecuted bythe sinners and the reprobate and by their own brothers.
「经文〈玛窦福音 10: 22〉：你们为了我的名字，要为众人所恼恨；唯独坚持到底的，纔可得救。」
Accordingly, patience, humility andmeekness began to appear in Abel, and in Cain, envy and all wickedness, for thebenefit of the just and for his own perdition.
The wicked triumph and the good suffer,exhibiting the spectacle, which the world in its progress shows to this day, namely,the Jerusalem of the god fearing and the Babylon of the godforsaken, each withits own leader and head.
144. The Most High also wished that thefirst Adam should be the type of the second in the manner of their creation;for, just as before the creation of the first, He created and ordered for himthe republic of all the beings, of which he was to be the lord and head;
so before the appearance of hisOnlybegotten, He allowed many ages to pass by, in order that his Son might, inthe multiplied numbers of the human race, find prepared for Himself a people,of which He was to be the Head, the Teacher, and the King.
He was not to be even for a momentwithout a people and without followers : such is the wonderful harmony and order, inwhich the divine wisdom disposed all things, making that later in theexecution, which was first in the intention.
145. As the world progressed in itscourse, in order that the Word might descend from the bosom of the Father andclothe Itself in our mortality, God selected and prepared a chosen and mostnoble people, the most admirable of past and future times. Within it also He
constituted a most illustrious and holyrace, from which He was to descend according to the flesh.
I will not linger in detailing thegenealogy of Christ our Lord, for the account of the holy Evangelists has madethat unnecessary. I will only say, in praise of the Most High, that He hasshown to me many times the incomparable love, which He bore toward his people,the favors shown to it, and the mysteries and holy Sacraments, which Heentrusted to it, as was afterwards made manifest through his holy Church.
For at no time has slept nor slumberedHe, who has constituted Himself the watcher of Israel (Ps. 120, 4).
146. He reared most holy Prophets andPatriarchs, who in figures and prophecies announced to us from far off, that,which we have now in possession.
He wishes us to venerate them, knowinghow they esteemed the law of grace and how earnestly they yearned and prayedfor it.
To this people God manifested hisimmutable Essence by many revelations, and they again transmitted theserevelations to us by the holy Scriptures, containing immense mysteries, whichwe grasp and learn to know by faith.
All of them, however, are brought toperfection and are made certain by the incarnate Word, who transmitted to usthe secure rule of faith and the nourishment of the sacred Scriptures in hisChurch.
Although the Prophets and the just onesof that people were not so far favored as to see Christ in his body, theynevertheless experienced the liberality of the Lord, who manifested Himself tothem by prophecies and who moved their hearts to pray for his coming and forthe Redemption of the whole human race.
The consonance and harmony of all theseprophecies, mysteries and aspirations of the ancient fathers, were a sweetmusic to the Most High, which resounded in the secret recesses of the Divinityand which regaled and shortened the time (to speak in a human manner) until Heshould descend to converse with man.
147. In order not to be detained toomuch in that, which the Lord has revealed to me regarding this and in order toarrive at the preparations, which the Lord made for sending to the world theincarnate Word and His most holy Mother, I will rehearse these mysteriessuccinctly according to the order given in the holy Scriptures.
Genesis contains that which concerns thebeginning and the creation of the world for the human race ; the division ofthe earth, the chastisement and the restoration, the confusion of tongues, andthe origin of the chosen race, humbled in Egypt;
and the many other great sacramentsrevealed to Moses by God, in order that we may be led to know his love and thejustice towards men from the beginning drawing them to his knowledge andservice, and to foreshadow that, which He has resolved to do in the future.
148. The book of Exodus contains whathappened in Egypt with the chosen people, the plagues and punishments, whichGod sent in order to rescue them; their departure and march through the sea;the written law given with such great preparations and wonders;
and many other great sacraments, whichthe Lord provided for his people, visiting now their enemies, now themselveswith afflictions, chastising their enemies with the severity of a Judge,correcting the Israelites with the benignity of a Father and teaching them toappreciate his benefits by sending severe hardships.
He worked great wonders with the staffof Moses, which prefigured the cross on which the incarnate Word was to besacrificed as the Lamb, a salvation to many, a ruin to others(Luc. 2, 34). Itwas like the staff of Moses, and likethe Red Sea, the waves of which shielded thepeople and annihilated the Egyptians.
「经文〈路加福音 2: 34〉：西默盎祝福了他们，又向他的母亲玛利亚说：「看，这孩子已被立定，为使以色列中许多人跌倒和复起，并成为反对的记号。」
Thus he filled the lives of the saintswith joys and sorrows, with hardships and with comforts; with infinite wisdomand providence He symbolized in them the life and the death of Christ our Lord.
149. In the book of the Levites Hedescribes and ordains many sacrifices and ceremonies of the law for placatingthe Divinity; for they were to point out the Lamb, which was to be immolatedfor all men ; and they pointed out also ourselves, immolated to the Majesty ofGod in reality, as was prefigured in these sacrifices.
It also describes the vestments ofAaron, the high priest and type of Christ, although Christ was not to be ofthat inferior order but of the order of Melchisedech (Ps.120, 4).
150. The book of Numbers describes thewanderings of the Israelites in the desert, prefiguring what was to happen withthe holy Church, with the Only begotten as man, and with his most holy Mother;and also with the rest of the just, who, in different aspects, were prefiguredin the column of fire, in the manna, in the rock giving forth water.
It contains also other great mysteries,which are comprehended in the events there recorded,
likewise the mysteries pertaining tonumbers, in all of which deep secrets are hidden.
151. Deuteronomy is like a second law, arepetition of the first, but given in a different way and prefiguring moreclosely the law of the Gospels.
For as according to the hidden judgmentsof God and according to the propriety known to his wisdom, the Incarnation ofthe Son was to be deferred, He renewed and rearranged these laws in order thatthey might be more like to those, which He was to establish for hisOnlybegotten.
152. Josue or Jesus Nave conducts thepeople of God into the promised land ; he divides the Jordan to allow thepassage of the multitudes, achieves great things, typifying plainly theRedeemer as well in name as indeed.
His history represents the destructionof the kingdom of the devil, the separation and the division of the good andbad, which will happen in the last day.
153. After Josue, when the people hadalready come into the possession of the promised and wished-for land, whichprimarily and appropriately signifies the Church acquired by Jesus Christthrough the price of his blood, comes the book of the Judges.
These were ordained by God for the governmentof his people, especially during the wars, which on account of their sins andidolatries were waged against them by the Philistines and other neighboring enemies.
From these God freed and delivered them,whenever they returned to God by penance and amendment of life. In it are alsorelated the deeds of Deborah while judging the people and liberating them fromgreat oppression; also those of Jahel, who helped them to victory, mighty andcourageous women both. All these deeds of history prefigure and illustrate whatwas to happen in the Church.
154. After the generation of the Judgescame theKings, for whom the Israelites petitioned in their desire ofimitating the government of the surrounding nations. These books contain greatmysteries concerning the coming of the Messias.
Heli, the priest, and Saul, the king, prefigure in their death thereprobation of the old law.
Sadocand David, typify the new reign and priesthood of Christ and also the Churchwith the small number, which were to belong to it in comparison to the rest ofmen in the world.
The other kings of Israel and Juda andtheir captivities presignify other great mysteries of the holy Church.
155. During the aforesaid times livedthe most patient Job, whose words are so mysterious, that there is not onewithout its profound sacramental meaning concerning the life of Christ ourLord, the resurrection of the dead, the last judgment in the same flesh, inwhich each one lives, and concerning the violence and astuteness of the demonsand their warfare against men.
Above all has God placed him as anexample of patience for us mortals, for in him we all may learn how we are tobear our adversities; especially as we have before our eyes the death ofChrist, whereas this saint saw Him only at such a distance and yet imitated Himso closely.
156. In the writings of the many andgreat Prophets moreover, which God sent in the time of the kings to provide forspecial necessities, not one of the great mysteries and sacraments pertainingto the coming of the Messiah and his law, remained undeclared or unrevealed.
The same thing, although more at adistance, God accomplished in the ancient Fathers and Patriarchs. In all thisHe only multiplied the likenesses, and, as it were, the patterns of theincarnate Word, and prearranged and prepared for Him a people, and the law,which He was to teach.
157. In the three great patriarchs,Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, He deposited great and precious pledges callingHimself the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. He wished to honor Himself in thename at the same time that He honored them, manifesting his dignity and hisexcellent virtues and sacraments, and confiding them to their care, in orderthat they might furnish so honorable a name to God.
The patriarch Abraham, in order toprefigure vividly, that which the eternal Father was to do with his Onlybegotten, was tempted andtried by the command to sacrifice his only son Isaac (Gen. 22, 1).
When, however, this obedient father wasabout to complete the sacrifice, the same Lord, who had given the commandment, impededits execution; for such a heroic sacrifice was to be reserved to the eternalFather, who alone was to sacrifice in effect his Onlybegotten:
Only in a symbolic manner can Abraham besaid to have done the same: for thus it will appear, that the zeal of divinelove is (Cant. 8, 6) strong as death. It was not however beseeming, that suchan expressive figure should remain altogether unaccomplished and therefore thesacrifice of Abraham was fulfilled by the killing of a ram, being likewise afigure of the Lamb, which was to pay for the sins of the world (Joan 1, 29).
158. To Jacob was shown that mysteriousladder, full of sacraments and hidden import (Gen. 28, 12), principally torepresent the incarnate Word as the way and the means of ascending to theFather, and of his descending to us.
On it also ascend and descend theangels, who illuminate and guide us, bearing us up in their hands, so that wemay not stumble over the rocks of the errors, heresies, and vices, with whichthe path of mortal life is strewn (Ps. 90, 12).
In the midst of them we pass securely upthis stairs in the faith and hope of his holy Church, which is the house of theLord, the portal of heaven and holiness.
159. In order to make him the god ofPharao and the leader of his people He showed to Moses the mystical thornbush,which burned without being consumed and which foreshadowed the Divinity coveredwith our humanity, leaving the Divinity intact by the humanity and the humanityunconsumed by the Divinity.
At the same time it also signified theperpetual virginity of the Mother of the Word, not only of her body, but of hersoul, so that, although She was a daughter of Adam and came vested in thesin-tainted nature derived from Adam, She nevertheless was without stain oroffense.
160. He raised also for Himself Davidaccording to his own heart (I Reg. 13, 14), who worthily sang the praise of theMost High, comprehending in his Psalms all the sacraments and mysteries notonly of the law of grace, but of the written and natural law.
And the testimonies, judgments and worksof the Lord, which were pronounced by his lips, David also treasured up in hisheart, meditating on them day and night. In pardoning his enemies, he was anexpress image and figure of God forgiving us.
Thus all his promises concerning thecoming of the Redeemer were made more certain to the world.
161. Solomon, the king of peace, was animage of the King of kings ; for by his great wisdom he manifested in differentkinds of writings the sacraments and mysteries of Christ, especially in thesimilitudes of the Canticles.
For there he exposed the mysteries ofthe incarnate Word, of his most holy Mother, of his Church and of the faithful.He taught also right behavior in different ways, opening up a fountain of truthand lifegiving knowledge for many other writers.
162. But who can worthily exalt thebenefits He provided for his people in the praiseworthy host of holy Prophets,through whom the Lord has spread the light of prophecy, lighting up as fromafar the holy Church, and commencing in advance to shed the rays of the Sun ofjustice and of the efficacious law of grace?
The two great Prophets, Isaias andJeremias, were chosen to preach to us, in a sweet and exalted manner, themysteries of the Incarnation of the Word, his Birth, Life and Death. Isaiaspromised us, that a Virgin should conceive and give birth to a Son, who wouldcall himself Emmanuel ; that a little son shall be born- to us, who shall bearhis kingdom on his shoulder (Is. 7, 14; 9, 6). All the rest of the life of the Christ he proclaims with such clearness,that his prophecies are like a gospel.
Jeremias announces the unheard ofwonder, that God will cause a Woman to bear in her womb a man, who is at thesame time to be a God and perfect man, who alone can be Christ (Jer. 31, 22).
He announced his coming, his passion,ignominy and death (Thren. 3, 28). Wonder and suspense fill me in theconsideration of these prophets. Isaias asks the Lord to send the Lamb, whichis to rule the world from the rocks of the desert to the mountain of thedaughter of Sion ; for this Lamb, the incarnate Word, calls the heavens adesert, where as God He dwelt without the society of men (Is. 16, 1).
He calls Him rock, on account of thestability of his throne and of the unaltered rest of eternity which He enjoys.The mountain, from which He is asked to come, is in the mystical sense, theholy Church and first of all, the most holy Mary, the Daughter of the vision ofpeace, that is Sion.
The prophet interposes Her as theMediatrix, to induce the eternal Father to send his Only begotten, the Lamb.For in all the rest of the human race there was nothing to influence Him somuch as to have Her as his Mother, who was to clothe Him with the spotlessfleece of the most holy humanity. All this is contained in that most sweetprayer and prophecy of Isaias.
163. Ezekiel also saw this Virgin Motherin the figure and likeness of the closed gate (Ezekiel 44, 2), which was openonly for the God of Israel and through which no other man could enter.
Habacuc contemplates Christ our Lord onthe cross and in most profound words prophesies the mysteries of the Redemptionand the wonderful effects of the passion and death of our Redeemer (Hab. 3).
Joel describes the land of the twelvetribes, prefiguring the apostles, who were to be the heads of all the sons of the Church. Healso announces the descent of the Holy Ghost upon his servants and handmaids,foretelling the time of the coming, and of the life of Christ.
And all the other prophets announced inpart the same thing, for God wished all his great works to be announced,prophesied and prefigured far in advance and so completely, that they mighttestify the love and care, which He had for men and with which He enriched his Church.
He wished also toreprehend us and convict us of our lukewarmness, since these ancient Fathersand Prophets, seeing only the shadows and figures, were inflamed with divinelove and broke forth in canticles of praise and exaltation of the Lord, whereaswe, who enjoy the truth and the bright day of grace, remain buried infortgetfulness of so great benefits, and, forsaking the light, continue to seekthe darkness.