1 1 When Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea, in the days of King Herod, 2 behold, magi from the east arrived in
2 saying, ＂Where is the newborn king of the Jews? We saw his star 3 at its rising and have come to do him homage.＂
3 When King Herod heard this, he was greatly troubled, and all
4 Assembling all the chief priests and the scribes of the people, he inquired of them where the Messiah was to be born. 4
5 They said to him, ＂In Bethlehem of Judea, for thus it has been written through the prophet:
6 ‘And you, Bethlehem, land of Judah, are by no means least among the rulers of Judah; since from you shall come a ruler, who is to shepherd my people Israel.'＂
7 Then Herod called the magi secretly and ascertained from them the time of the star's appearance.
8 He sent them to Bethlehem and said, ＂Go and search diligently for the child. When you have found him, bring me word, that I too may go and do him homage.＂
9 After their audience with the king they set out. And behold, the star that they had seen at its rising preceded them, until it came and stopped over the place where the child was.
10 They were overjoyed at seeing the star,
11 5 and on entering the house they saw the child with Mary his mother. They prostrated themselves and did him homage. Then they opened their treasures and offered him gifts of gold, frankincense, and myrrh.
12 And having been warned in a dream not to return to Herod, they departed for their country by another way.
13 6 When they had departed, behold, the angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream and said,＂Rise, take the child and his mother, flee to Egypt, 7 and stay there until I tell you. Herod is going to search for the child to destroy him.＂
14 Joseph rose and took the child and his mother by night and departed for
15 8 He stayed there until the death of Herod, that what the Lord had said through the prophet might be fulfilled, ＂Out of Egypt I called my son.＂
16 When Herod realized that he had been deceived by the magi, he became furious. He ordered the massacre of all the boys in
17 Then was fulfilled what had been said through Jeremiah the prophet:
18 9 ＂A voice was heard in Ramah, sobbing and loud lamentation; Rachel weeping for her children, and she would not be consoled, since they were no more.＂
19 When Herod had died, behold, the angel of the Lord appeared in a dream to Joseph in
20 and said, ＂Rise, take the child and his mother and go to the land of Israel, for those who sought the child's life are dead.＂ 10
21 He rose, took the child and his mother, and went to the
22 But when he heard that Archelaus was ruling over
23 12 He went and dwelt in a town called Nazareth, so that what had been spoken through the prophets might be fulfilled, ＂He shall be called a Nazorean.＂
Table of Contents
1 [1-12] The future rejection of Jesus by
2  In the days of King Herod: Herod reigned from 37 to 4 B.C. Magi: originally a designation of the Persian priestly caste, the word became used of those who were regarded as having more than human knowledge. Matthew's magi are astrologers.
3  We saw his star: it was a common ancient belief that a new star appeared at the time of a ruler's birth. Matthew also draws upon the Old Testament story of Balaam, who had prophesied that ＂A star shall advance from Jacob＂ (Numbers 24:17), though there the star means not an astral phenomenon but the king himself.
4  Herod's consultation with the chief priests and scribes has some similarity to a Jewish legend about the child Moses in which the ＂sacred scribes＂ warn Pharaoh about the imminent birth of one who will deliver Israel from Egypt and the king makes plans to destroy him. Matthew 2:11: Cf Psalm 72:10, 15; Isaiah 60:6. These Old Testament texts led to the interpretation of the magi as kings.
5  Psalm 72:10; Psalm 72:15; Isaiah 60:6; These Old Testament texts led to the interpretation of the magi as Kings.
6 [13-23] Biblical and nonbiblical traditions about Moses are here applied to the child Jesus, though the dominant Old Testament type is not Moses but
7  Flee to
8  The fulfillment citation is taken from Hosea 11:1.
9  Jeremiah 31:15 portrays Rachel, wife of the patriarch Jacob, weeping for her children taken into exile at the time of the Assyrian invasion of the northern kingdom (722-21 B.C.).
10  For those who sought the child's life are dead: Moses, who had fled from Egypt because the Pharaoh sought to kill him (see Exodus 2:15), was told to return there, ＂for all the men who sought your life are dead＂ (Exodus 4:19).
11  With the agreement of the emperor Augustus, Archelaus received half of his father's kingdom, including