3 He presented himself alive to them by many proofs after he had suffered, appearing to them during forty days 2 and speaking about the
4 While meeting with them, he enjoined them not to depart from
6 When they had gathered together they asked him,＂Lord, are you at this time going 4 to restore the kingdom to Israel?＂
7 5 He answered them,＂It is not for you to know the times or seasons that the Father has established by his own authority.
8 6 But you will receive power when the holy Spirit comes upon you, and you will be my witnesses in
9 When he had said this, as they were looking on, he was lifted up, and a cloud took him from their sight.
12 Then they returned to
13 When they entered the city they went to the upper room where they were staying, Peter and John and James and Andrew, Philip and Thomas, Bartholomew and Matthew, James son of Alphaeus, Simon the Zealot, and Judas son of James.
15 During those days Peter stood up in the midst of the brothers (there was a group of about one hundred and twenty persons in the one place). He said,
18 He bought a parcel of land with the wages of his iniquity, and falling headlong, he burst open in the middle, and all his insides spilled out. 7
23 So they proposed two, Joseph called Barsabbas, who was also known as Justus, and Matthias.
26 8 Then they gave lots to them, and the lot fell upon Matthias, and he was counted with the eleven apostles.
1 [1-26] This introductory material (Acts 1:1-2) connects Acts with the Gospel of Luke, shows that the apostles were instructed by the risen Jesus (Acts 1:3-5), points out that the parousia or second coming in glory of Jesus will occur as certainly as his ascension occurred (Acts 1:6-11), and lists the members of the Twelve, stressing their role as a body of divinely mandated witnesses to his life, teaching, and resurrection (Acts 1:12-26).
2  Appearing to them during forty days: Luke considered especially sacred the interval in which the appearances and instructions of the risen Jesus occurred and expressed it therefore in terms of the sacred number forty (cf Deut 8:2). In his gospel, however, Luke connects the ascension of Jesus with the resurrection by describing the ascension on Easter Sunday evening (Luke 24:50-53). What should probably be understood as one event (resurrection, glorification, ascension, sending of the Spirit--the paschal mystery) has been historicized by Luke when he writes of a visible ascension of Jesus after forty days and the descent of the Spirit at Pentecost. For Luke, the ascension marks the end of the appearances of Jesus except for the extraordinary appearance to Paul. With regard to Luke's understanding of salvation history, the ascension also marks the end of the time of Jesus (Luke 24:50-53) and signals the beginning of the time of the church.
3  The promise of the Father: the holy Spirit, as is clear from the next verse. This gift of the Spirit was first promised in Jesus' final instructions to his chosen witnesses in Luke's gospel (Luke 24:49) and formed part of the continuing instructions of the risen Jesus on the kingdom of God, of which Luke speaks in Acts 1:3.
4  The question of the disciples implies that in believing Jesus to be the Christ (see the note on Luke 2:11) they had expected him to be a political leader who would restore self-rule to
6  Just as
7  Luke records a popular tradition about the death of Judas that differs from the one in Matthew 27:5, according to which Judas hanged himself. Here, although the text is not certain, Judas is depicted as purchasing a piece of property with the betrayal money and being killed on it in a fall.
8  The need to replace Judas was probably dictated by the symbolism of the number twelve, recalling the twelve tribes of