2 devout and God-fearing along with his whole household, who used to give alms generously 3 to the Jewish people and pray to God constantly.
3 One afternoon about three o'clock, 4 he saw plainly in a vision an angel of God come in to him and say to him,＂Cornelius.＂
7 When the angel who spoke to him had left, he called two of his servants and a devout soldier 5 from his staff,
22 They answered,＂Cornelius, a centurion, an upright and God-fearing man, respected by the whole Jewish nation, was directed by a holy angel to summon you to his house and to hear what you have to say.＂
24 9 On the following day he entered
28 and said to them,＂You know that it is unlawful for a Jewish man to associate with, or visit, a Gentile, but God has shown me that I should not call any person profane or unclean. 10
30 Cornelius replied,＂Four days ago 11 at this hour, three o'clock in the afternoon, I was at prayer in my house when suddenly a man in dazzling robes stood before me and said,
38 how God anointed Jesus of Nazareth 16 with the holy Spirit and power. He went about doing good and healing all those oppressed by the devil, for God was with him.
39 We are witnesses 17 of all that he did both in the country of the Jews and (in)
42 He commissioned us to preach to the people and testify that he is the one appointed by God as judge of the living and the dead. 18
49 Then they invited him to stay for a few days.
1 [1-48] The narrative centers on the conversion of Cornelius, a Gentile and a＂God-fearer＂ (see the note on Acts 8:26-40). Luke considers the event of great importance, as is evident from his long treatment of it. The incident is again related in Acts 11:1-18 where Peter is forced to justify his actions before the
2  The Cohort called the Italica: this battalion was an auxiliary unit of archers formed originally in
6 [9-16] The vision is intended to prepare Peter to share the food of Cornelius' household without qualms of conscience (Acts 10:48). The necessity of such instructions to Peter reveals that at first not even the apostles fully grasped the implications of Jesus' teaching on the law. In Acts, the initial insight belongs to Stephen.
7  At about noontime: literally,＂about the sixth hour.＂
8 [17-23] The arrival of the Gentile emissaries with their account of the angelic apparition illuminates Peter's vision: he is to be prepared to admit Gentiles, who were considered unclean like the animals of his vision, into the Christian community.
9 [24-27] So impressed is Cornelius with the apparition that he invites close personal friends to join him in his meeting with Peter. But his understanding of the person he is about to meet is not devoid of superstition, suggested by his falling down before him. For a similar experience of Paul and Barnabas, see Acts 14:11-18.
11  Four days ago: literally,＂from the fourth day up to this hour.＂
12 [34-43] Peter's speech to the household of Cornelius typifies early Christian preaching to Gentiles.
13 [34-35] The revelation of God's choice of
14 [36-43] These words are more directed to Luke's Christian readers than to the household of Cornelius, as indicated by the opening words,＂You know.＂ They trace the continuity between the preaching and teaching of Jesus of Nazareth and the proclamation of Jesus by the early community. The emphasis on this divinely ordained continuity (Acts 10:41) is meant to assure Luke's readers of the fidelity of Christian tradition to the words and deeds of Jesus.
15  To the Israelites: Luke, in the words of Peter, speaks of the prominent position occupied by
16  Jesus of Nazareth: God's revelation of his plan for the destinyof humanity through
17  We are witnesses: the apostolic testimony was not restricted to the resurrection of Jesus but also included his historical ministry. This witness, however, was theological in character; the Twelve, divinely mandated as prophets, were , empowered to interpret his sayings and deeds in the light of his redemptive death and resurrection. The meaning of these words and deeds was to be made clear to the developing Christian community as the bearer of the word of salvation (cf Acts 1:21-26). Hanging him on a tree: see the note on 5:30.
19  Just as the Jewish Christians received the gift of the Spirit, so too do the Gentiles.